1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central.

In the aftermath of the latest scandals involving fake peer reviewers, many journals have decided to turn off the reviewer-suggestion option on their manuscript-submission systems. But that move might not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi found out this past spring. Although Hindawi doesn’t let authors recommend reviewers because of their manuscripts, it decided to examine the peer-review records for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure used in Hindawi’s journals depends mainly on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are in charge of supervising the overview of submitted manuscripts.5 Since the peer reviewers selected by the guest editors were not subject to any kind of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in much the same way that authors or third-party agencies have done somewhere else: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses that they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.We want living donor pairs to learn that if they hear they aren’t a match for one another, it is not the end of the tale, said Leventhal. Centers like ours can provide other choices for these individuals to help their loved ones get the transplants they need. About one-third of living donors who arrive to Northwestern are incompatible with their designed recipient, said John Friedewald, MD, transplant nephrologist at Northwestern Memorial. Paired exchanges are becoming a lot more common, and keep great potential to expand the living donor pool.